Wednesday, 15 April 2015 15:46 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Janesville Gazette, April 14, 1865
April 14lh, 1861, and April 1865
Four yours ago to day, General Anderson, was compelled to abandon Fort Sumter to the armed traitors of South Carolina. What an eventful history has been ours since, then. The nation's very foundation have been tried in the terrible crucible of civil war, but thanks to an all-wise Providence, to judicious rulers, a gallant army, and a patient, patriotic people, the crisis is past and the experiment of self-government, is no longer problematical, but a reality acknowledged by all the world.
After, four years of intestine warfare, waged by millions of armed men on both sides, making the continent tremble under their contending tread, we see all their seaports and principal cities, including their capital, captured, their armies defeated on a hundred battle fields, and the thunders of victory are still resounding to our ears which tell of the surrender of their greatest general and principal army.
And to-day the same flag that, was hauled down at the beck of traitors in Charleston harbor floats again in triumph from the flag staff of reconquered Fort Sumter. What the nation has passed through and been called upon to suffer during these trying times is quits familiar, alas, in thousand of instances, too familiar to need recapitulating now.
A country preserved, a Union maintained in all its integrity, the supremacy of the constitution vindicated, and the honor and sacred news of the flag upheld and respected—there have not been won without sacrifices on the part of the people, painful enough to make. Soon our conquering heroes will be returning home to us again, laurel crowned with victory and success. But there are those whose return will never be welcomed with booming gun and joyfully ringing bell.
They, calmly sleep beneath the green sod of many a well fought Southern battlefield, and know not that the grand consummation for which they laid down their lives so near at hand. The muse of history and the burning pen of poesy shall inscribe their names in letters of living light upon the tablet of imperishable fame, and the nation's eternal gratitude shall ever be bestowed upon whose sons and fathers they were.
Wednesday, 15 April 2015 13:58 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Madison Wisconsin State Journal April 14, 1865
THE VETERAN FLAGS.—The Assembly Chamber has been decorated for the meeting tonight with the battle-rent flags of our veteran regiments, bearing the names of Antietam Shiloh, South Mountain, Chickamauga, and other fields of carnage, flags torn with shot and shell, flags that have streamed over dying men on the perilous edge of battle, but which have never been dishonored.
Under them are number of rebel colors captured in different battles by Wisconsin regiments.
Wednesday, 15 April 2015 12:57 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Boston Post Morning, April 15, 1865
The President’s speech puzzles many vehement politicians. They hardly know how to comment upon it. Some say it is indefinite— others that it was premature—others, again, that it lacks indication of ferocious thirst for the vengeance ultra philanthropists crave.
We, however, do not perceive it affords any just cause for complaint. The spirit of it appears to indicate a disposition to do the best that can be done according to the dictates of patriotism, humanity and wisdom.
The present crisis is the most momentous one which has arisen since the inauguration of the rebellion, and is fraught with as much danger as any one we have experienced.
The action of the Executive requires the greatest care, the deepest reflection and the most circumspect decision. Is it expected that, under such circumstances, the President will permit himself to be governed by the clamors of irresponsible partisans — men whose purposes never rose above a desire for the accomplishment of some personal end— the gratification of a narrow prejudice or the lower instinct of sectional hatred?
We hope not, but that he will be equal to the duty which devolves upon him and prove that the welfare of his whole country, the permanency of its Republican Institutions and the security of the personal rights of his fellow citizens are the blessings he designs to secure, disregarding all inferior ends.
Tuesday, 14 April 2015 17:18 | Written by complied by James Johnson
The Express, London April 14, 1865
AMERICA (FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.) NEW YORK, April 1
The proofs that not only is the end certain and near, but that the Southern people and their friends at the North are conscious of it, accumulate every hour. The game is clearly up, and everybody acknowledges it, either privately if not publicly, and there are strong reasons for believing that the Richmond chiefs are now using the military force at their disposal simply with the view of securing favourable terms, or, to use an expressive colloquialism, “ to let themselves down easy,” and without any expectation whatever of preserving the fabric which they have sought to cement by such lavish expenditure of blood.
One of the devices — and, I think, the principal one — to which they seem likely to resort for their own security after the wreck of the Confederacy was partially revealed in the Hampton-roads conference, by the suggestion of the Confederate commissioners, that the North and South should unite in an “ extrinsic policy,” or in plain English, in making war on some foreign power as a means of healing their differences.
The refusal of Mr. Lincoln to entertain this proposal has clearly not by any means banished it from their minds, and although there is not the ghost of a chance that the North will ever consent to adopt any such atrocious plan of restoring harmonious feeling between the two sections, yet there are many signs that the scheme has not been abandoned; and I have little hesitation in predicting that, whenever negotiations are opened by the Confederate authorities for a surrender, if they ever are, a very strong effort will be made to induce the Federal government to amnesty the chiefs, and to take the Confederate army as it stands and its officers into its service, to be employed in an attack on the French in Mexico.
The military chiefs and Davis are all ruined men if they are beaten into submission. They have lost their property, their grades in the old army, and if forced to lay down their arms by the fortune of war, have nothing better to look forward to than life's of poverty and idleness in Paris or London.
They know perfectly well that the Federals would concede much to induce their forces to surrender, as they are now, at once, instead of breaking up into guerilla bands, and thus postponing indefinitely the pacification of the country, while they kmow equally well that if the contest once degenerates into a guerilla war, as there will be nothing left for them to do, they will cease to be worth conciliating or pardoning.
The plan of getting out of the scrape would seem to be, therefore, to offer a bold front, to resist stoutly without risking anything that might prove decisive, and in the meantime make it well understood that they are open to proposals, and that the employment of them on foreign service, the officers preserving their rank and pay, is something that might tempt them.