Thursday, 04 September 2014 17:25 | Written by Compiled by James Johnson
Special attention is called to the order of Adjutant General Gaylord in regard to the
enlistment of drafted men. It should be distinctly
understood that a man who is drafted is in service by
virtue of being drafted and cannot volunteer either
before or after receiving notification of being drafted,
nor receive any bounty whatever.
Iguorance and fraud in regard to this subject has created
much difficulty. Some men who have enlisted after being
drafted, and secured local bounties, have been remanded
to the Provost Marshals and the towns are so much out of
pocket. Many recruiting officers have been enlisting
drafted men, ante-dating their papers in some instances,
and in others secretly enlisting men the day before the
draft and holding their papers with the understanding
that they were to be destroyed if the man is not drafted.
Supplemental drafts will have to be made in many towns in
consequence of such transactions on the part of
Wisconsin State Journal, Oct. 3 1864
Saturday, 21 June 2014 18:37 | Written by Compiled by James Johnson
It is three years ago, to a day since the Second Wisconsin infantry the first of the three years regiments from this State, left Camp Randall to begin their term of active Service.
The country was then unused to war. Everything pertaining to military affairs was novel. An organized regiment was a spectacle to attract people for miles around to witness. On that bright June morning, our city now accustomed to such scenes and scarcely moved to a ripple of excitement by, turned our almost en masse to view the sight of a thousand Wisconsin men leaving their homes to face the perils and hardships of war. Little did we then know what the future hid behind its veil. The most sagacious had but a faint conception of the real magnitude of the struggle then hardly begun. Who of the many spectators present that morning does not vividly recall the scene of the departure? The jubilant spirits of the new volunteers the blare of martial music, the roar of artillery, the waving handkerchiefs, the mingled emotions of sadness and pride the hearty burbs of the multitude and the not less enthusiastic responses of the departing soldiers.
No one of all that gathering of people anticipated what was to follow.
On Saturday, last a spectacle was exhibited not less novel and appealing to the emotions of those who witnessed it, more powerfully even than the scene of three years ago the return of the little remnant of the noble regiment after its long baptism of fire and blood to receive the All Hail of a grateful people as the mead of its faithful services. What gaps have been made by shot and shell in its full ranks, how it has been sifted and winnowed in the tempest of repeated battles how it has been refined in the crucible of trial has already been narrated in these columns. Not an officer of the line who left with it came back! O'Connor, Stevens, Randolph, Colwell, McKee, Hughes, Noble, Sanford and Spoerri lie dead on the field of honor. Col. Mansfield and Lieut. Col. Parsons are wounded and in the hands of the enemy at Gordonsville. Capt. Rollins and Baldwin are still in Libby Prison, Richmond unless they have been recently sent farther South. The regiment returns under command of Maj. Gro. H. Otis who left the State as a private in the ranks.
After a tedious journey of seven days between Washington and this city, the veteran Second arrived here a little before 5 o'clock on Saturday afternoon.
Saturday, 21 June 2014 18:20 | Written by Compiled by James Johnson
The army correspondent of the New York Herald writing on the 10th inst. says: In nearly every recent letter I have been compelled to chronicle the departure of some regiment whose terms of service has expired.
The Second Wisconsin leaves tomorrow morning.
Major Oris is in command of this regiment. It goes away with one hundred and twenty-eight enlisted men and fifteen officers, including two surgeons.
This regiment has been in fourteen battles and has lost seven hundred and ninety-three killed and wounded. Only sixteen names appear on the rolls as discharged for disability and deserters. Very few regiments can show a better record than this. It was to Lieutenant Dailey, of this regiment that General Archer, captured at Gettysburg, surrendered his sword. In the present campaign, out of two hundred and forty-three, the regiment lost one hundred and three. The following order from Brigadier General Cutler commanding the division to which the regiment belonged shows his estimation of the regiment:-
Headquarters, Fourth Division, Fifth Army Corps, June 10, 1864
The Second Wisconsin Volunteers, having served their full term of three years in this army, and being about to leave for their homes, the General Commanding deems it proper for himself, and in behalf of those of their, comrades who remain behind to address the officers and men of that command a few parting words.
Three years ago you entered the service more than a thousand strong. You now leave with one hundered and thirty-three, all told. Where are they? O'Connor, Stevens, Colwell, Randolph and many others-both officers and men-are mustered with the hosts on high.
Others are disabled for life. Others still are in rebel prisons. Among all these things you have always been true to your flag and your country. You have never failed in any duty required of you. you have a right to be proud of your record. The State has reason to be proud of you. You leave with the best wishes of all your comrades and to that, I wish to add my most cordial desire for your future honor and prosperity, collectively and individually.
Saturday, 21 June 2014 18:01 | Written by Edited by James Johnson
Twenty three members of the First Wisconsin Heavy Artillery who left Washington on Monday last arrived here last night. They formerly belonged to Company K, of the 2d Regiment they were transferred soon after the battle of Bull Run to artillery service and assigned to garrison duty on Alington heights.
Their time has expired, and they were to be mustered out of service this afternoon. Through their organization has been engaged in no battles, it has rendered efficient service in securing the safety of Washington. (Editors note: as members of Co. K of the 2d Wis. they were in the first battle of Bull Run)
Saturday, 21 June 2014 17:47 | Written by Edited James Johnson
Gen. Fairchild Remarks June 18th, 1864, Madison, Wisconsin, The welcome home program at the capital. (Fairchild lost his left arm at Gettysburg commanding the Second Wisconsin)
At the conclusion of the Governor's remarks, the regiment loudly called for Gen. Fairchild who took the speaker's stand, in the midst of enthusiustic cheers and said:
"Comrades of the Old Second:"
"When I rode at your head to day for the last time as a volunteer aid to Major Otis, I tried to think that I was once more an honest Colonel in the army. (Laughter and cheers) We have been through many tough experiences together; we have been through many long marches many dangers and many hardships; we have seen many of our brethren fall by our sides in battle; but I have never seen you flinch or known you to be discouraged.And I have always thanked God that it was my fortune to be honored with the command of such a regiment. (cheers)"
"The last time I spoke to you before this and boys you know I never talked to you very often was at Rocky Camp just after the battle of Antietam. Then there were but seventy of you able to report for duty. During the three preceding weeks four hundred of you number had fallen in battle. I told you then that I wanted you to so acquit yourselves that every parent who had a son every sister who had a brother and every sweet heart who had a lover in the old Second, would be proud to acknowiedge it, and that when you returned to your homes the whole people would welcome you as having done your entire duty. "
"Faithfully have you heeded those admonitions and now you have returned to receive that welcome. You are about to be mustered out of the service. You will soon go to your homes. You well be soldiers no longer, but citizens. Let me adjure you each one of you to remember that you have still the reputation of the old Second to maintain. Slow yourselves as true to your country when citizens as you have been when soldiers. Act so that you can hold your heads up. Never let the good name you have won as soldiers be tarnished by anything you may do as citizens. I know you will not. I know that your who have bought so well to sustain the Government in the field will at home by word and deed as citizens do all you can for its support and to cheer on and maintain our armies."
"Comrades, from the bottom of my heart I give you welcome." (Great Cheering.)