Thursday, 16 April 2015 15:46 | Written by complied by James Johnson
The Milwaukee News April 16, 1865
The new President As soon as it was definitely known in Washington yesterday that president Lincoln had departed from life, Andrew Johnson, vice president was promptly sworn into office as president of the United States.
Under the circumstances this is as it should have been.The people bare much to hope and much to fear from Andy 'Johnson as president. By education he is a democrat of the school and a man of considerable ability.
For the past four years his personal habits its and associations have swayed him from his ancient political faith, and in a measure unfitted him for the efficient discharge of onerous public duties. It is known however, that since his inauguration on the 4th of March he has been endeavoring to recover his manhood. In view of this fact and the crisis through which the nation is passing, the people will be disposed to judge him generously and to give him all the support which the solemn circumstances under which he assumes the office of president suggest.
Thursday, 16 April 2015 15:38 | Written by complied by James Johnson
The Milwaukee News April 16, 1865
The Horrid Murders at Washington
The assassination of the president and secretary of state are the most cowardly and infamous crimes on the records of all time. Their enormity and execrable villainy freezes the bood and appals every human heart. "0 piteous spectacle! 0 noble Caesar! 0 woful day! 0, traitors, villians! 0 most bloody sight!"
When Brutus and Cases struck down Caesar in tbe Roman senate on the fatal 'ides of March" the unholy heathen act of murder was professedly instigated by reason of state. When Henry Quatre murdered in his carriage, it was the mad purpose of the perpetrator to change tbe religious doctrines of an empire by means of hie death.
When an emperor of Russia was once treacherously slain, it was the band of crazy ambition that guided the fatal blow. When Louis Phillippe was fired upon as he passed aloag the streets of Paris, and when at a later period the present Napoleon was beset with infernal machines for effecting his death, it was because morbid fanatics conceived that they could rid their country of its oppressions by the destruction of reigning oppressors.
Not so now. These crimes are tho crimes of all Crimea— the most black, horrid, devilish, damnable and inexcusable of all human villanies. The measure of the nation's joy was full. The heavens were glorious with the rainbow clouds of returning peace.
The complete rule of the people .was about to be restored. The era of blood and violence was believed to be passing away.
Abraham Lincoln could not have dimmed the future glory of the republic or have limited the future liberties of the people, had he been so disposed. No assassin could claim his blood as the price of his freedom, his peace or bis life! He was the legal representative of the nation. However weak, however deep in error his policy may have been founded, whatever private wrong he may have inflicted in the past, a attack upon his person was an attack upon the sovereign people of our free Union, and his inhuman murder calls for the biterest curse of all men and of all history for all time upon the wretch that planned and executed the fiendish crime. Let him call upon God to forgive him — mankind never will !
While the heavens are hung with black and the people go about the streets as mourners over the grave of their murdered chief magistrate, may all patriotic and Christian-hearted men pray that the hour soon may come when that spirit of universal brotherhood taught by the Divine Master to all the earth shal1 supplant, the reign of violence and blood, and rule triumphant throughout this the world's chosen home of freedom and law
Thursday, 16 April 2015 15:02 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Lloyds Weekly Newspaper April 16, 1865
AMERICAN BREASTWORKS — From the fact that the armies on both sides entrench themselves so quickly, it has been supposed that a largo force of sappers and miners, with a corresponding train, is employed in the work. There is of course such a body, but in point of numbers it is comparatively insignificant.
The pine forests and the skilled labors at hand render the work of fortification easy. Farmers and negroes form a large proportion of either army, and both of these classes are as familiar with the use of the axe as the English laborer with the spade. By a few adroit strokes two rows of pines are felled. So that the trees of one row shall fall across those of another, and almost exactly upon the place where they are required. A very little more Labor removes the heads of the trees and places the stems in position.
As these are not completely severed from their roots, a sort of wattle wall of great strength is produced, the chinks in which are roughly stopped by the earth which is thrown over from a shallow trench behind, or banked up in front. A rude but serviceable-breast work is the result.
The tree-tops serve for abbattis, fire-wood, or for shelter. Such " breastworks" cross the country for miles, and are usually made upon the forest edge of a clearing; but where they run through the woods, a range is secured for the riflemen behind by felling the timber in front, by this process, called "slashing," the trees are felled outwards, at right angles to the work, narrow belts only being left in the hollows of a stream to cover the retreat of pickets or skirmishers.
The enemy, therefore, is obliged to clamber through the tangled jungle of boughs which face him, without being at all sheltered from the withering fire of the defenders of the work. Such were the works which caused the awful carnage of the battles in the wilderness.— Fraser's Magazine
Thursday, 16 April 2015 14:53 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Madison Wisconsin State Journal April 15, 1865
The appalling news of the death of the President of the United States and of the Secretary of State, by assassination has fillet the whole land with horror.
The details of this astounding tragedy will be found ill our telegraphic columns. The story reads like some horrid fiction of the old dramatists. History hardly furnishes a parallel to this monstrous atrocity, the news of which will send a shudder through Christendom. It sets the crowning seal of guilt upon the fiendish traitors who have assailed our country.
Foiled in its infamous attempt upon the life of the Republic, Treason wounded unto death and dying, summons to its aid assassin" action, not to save its cause, but in a spirit of mere wanton, aimless, frenzied vengeance. The assassins selected their victims with a care that shows they struck under the direction of some one above themselves.
They aimed at LINCOLN, SEWARD , and GRANT, the three lives most precious at this time to the country. Thank God the General-in-Chief escaped their fiendish designs. And thank God, too, that the fate of this great nation does not depend upon the lives of any one or two men.
It will survive this blow, though it is the most terrible yet inflicted. No other man had secured such a rooted hold upon the confidence and affections of the American people as ABRAHAM LINCOLN Far-sighted, upright, merciful, the people loved him as a father. And next to him, we, relied upon the sagacity, coolness, even balanced judgment of SEWARD. Both are gone. They are added to the long list of the martyred dead who have fallen victims to the fell spirit of the slaveholder's rebellion.
Thursday, 16 April 2015 14:45 | Written by complied by James Johnson
Daily Milwaukee News July 15, 1865
The President's Speech
If any further evidence were needed to demonstrate the unfitneas of Mr. Lincoln for the present occasion, his speech the other day at Washington on the subject of reconstruction would be conclusive proof of the fact.
He evidently designs to retain his grasp upon the southern states and to obstruct the legitimate operation of the federal constitution in them, after the complete suppression of the rebellion.
ln this design he will not be sustained either by the people or by the whole of his own party. The nation has not expended its blood and treasure thus freely in order to gratify the ambition of the executive for the permanent establishment of a military despotism over any portion of the country under any pretence whatever.
The "terms of reconstruction" hereafter are the terms expressed by Gen. Sherman at Savannah— simple obedience to the constitution and laws of the Union.
If Mr. Lincoln doubts this now, he has but to wait and see.